Deferred taxes and the new investment tax law

Deferred taxes under Solvency II are calculated on the basis of Art. 15 i. V. m. Art. 9 Delegated Regulation. The recognition and measurement of deferred taxes is governed by International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS).According to IAS 12, deferred taxes are to be accrued using the balance sheet method, the so-called temporary concept. According to this method, deferred taxes are to be deferred to temporary differences between the solvency balance sheet and the taxable value, which at the time of realization results in a taxable profit or a tax deductible difference.

Spotlight

Tokio Marine Kiln

Tokio Marine Kiln is a forward-thinking international underwriting business which operates in the Lloyd’s and Company markets. As part of one of the world’s largest insurance groups, Tokio Marine, we empower our people around the world to protect customers against complex and ever-changing risks. We have four underwriting teams focused on: Property & Casualty; Marine, Aviation & Special Risks; Accident & Health; and Reinsurance, which are complemented by a first class Claims team and an expert Risk Engineering service.

OTHER ARTICLES
Insurance Technology

10 Most Impactful AI-based Insurance Innovations of 2019

Article | July 20, 2022

The year 2019 has been a benchmark in insurance innovations that brought in new value propositions to the industry. What’s more remarkable is — both traditional Insurers and Insurtechs are striving to offer simple, convenient, and value-added customer-centric products coupled with technology initiatives. Here are 10 noteworthy insurance innovations that shaped the industry this year.

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Insurance Technology

The Age of Sustainable Fixed-Income Investing Has Arrived

Article | July 13, 2022

Environmental, social, and governance (ESG) considerations have increasingly entered the mainstream of investment discussions, both through routine incorporation into traditional investment processes and through distinct sustainable or impact investing styles. Recent and current global conditions, such as extreme weather events, the inequitable effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, rising distrust of government institutions, and geopolitical challenges to a rules-based world order, have accelerated this trend, emphasizing the direct relevance of ESG and sustainability to understanding long-term market risks and opportunities. Until recently, equity investors were more concerned with ESG and sustainability than their fixed-income counterparts. That is, however, beginning to change, and at a rapid pace. ESG and sustainability have gained significant traction among bond investors, particularly since the implementation of COVID-19, and are now widely regarded as essential components of fixed income investing. For example, global sustainable debt issuance reached a new high of over US$1.6 trillion in 2021 and is expected to rise further in the coming years. Notably, we believe that ESG integration and sustainable fixed-income investing require a very deliberate, thoughtful approach — one that varies significantly from one fixed-income sector to the next. ESG and sustainability: At a high level, researchers believe that increased awareness of ESG and sustainability benefits global markets in two ways: 1. ESG integration allows market participants to think more holistically about the types of financially material risks and opportunities — such as physical, reputational, and (geo)political — that should ideally be reflected in asset valuations and taken into account during the routine portfolio construction and management process. 2. Furthermore, the conversation about sustainable investing is encouraging more market participants to look beyond narrow, issuer-specific investment thesis to consider how market participants' behaviors affect the broader systems and structures (e.g., climate stability, institutional strength) whose long-term viability is critical for the long-term health of economies and markets. We, like many others, believe that a stable global climate, clean air and water for all, adherence to the rule of law, strong institutions with broad public legitimacy, and broad-based access to economic opportunity are valuable public goods from which market participants would benefit collectively over time. As a result, a central goal of sustainable investing is to assist markets in evolving toward rewarding participants for exercising responsible stewardship of these public goods, which are critical to pursuing favorable long-term outcomes for the real people who are the ultimate beneficiaries of markets. This framing of sustainability highlights why fixed income is so important in moving global markets and economies in a more sustainable direction.

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Insurance Technology

Insurance with AI – What the Future Unfolds

Article | July 19, 2022

When building a practical framework, AI holds tremendous potential for insurers. Insurance companies can use AI to make better business decisions and provide differentiated customer experiences. To take advantage of AI, insurers need to know and clear the air about what is possible to do with AI. Insurance with AI: Understand, Learn & Respond Here are the ways insurers must use AI in their workforce and build a workable model. Language: Insurers can use natural language processing using AI to extract legacy unstructured data and convert it into structured data. As a result, organizations can extract information and automatically classify it into different sections. In addition, AI can even learn and guide users to make decisions using machine learning and curtail errors. Management: AI has emerged as a game-changer in managing the workforce, risks, and insurance functionalities and augmenting flawless products and services. While we talk about workforce management, AI puts tasks in one place, organizes them, and stores them under a data-proof model. So, no more scattered documents and pilling of files! AI is here, and it will transform and respond to businesses more efficiently with solution-driven aspects. Efficiency: Businesses need to be proactive by having a smart workforce that adds efficiency. Before, the insurance sector had a sloppy work platform. But now, with the passing of time, they need to overcome and be more efficient at work. Using AI in your business will save a lot of time, energy and money. It will lead to faster processes that are error-free, accurate, and predictive, encourage crystal clear communication, and have fewer chances of fraud. Insights on AI’s Role in Insurance Existing and start-up insurance businesses will be fortified with the help of AI use cases. Let’s get some insights into AI's potential for businesses. The global AI market is estimated to grow at a CAGR of 42.2% to $733.7 billion by 2027. The inclusion of AI in insurance records a growth of 56% until 2021. AI has the potential to save insurance companies up to $390 billion by 2023. In 2021, more than 40% of insurance businesses increased their expenditure on AI use cases and projects. Source: PWC These statistics show that AI in insurance is only going to get bigger. Investments in AI are high on the priority lists of decision-makers. The Futuristic Hold The insurance industry is under enormous pressure in terms of digital transformation. The rate of transformation is consistently accelerating. This paints the future of the insurance industry with AI to be more progressive with improved products and services, which will eventually host numerous opportunities for exponential expansion and reach globally.

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Core Insurance, Risk Management

Is Your Policy Management System Costing or Saving Money?

Article | August 4, 2022

Insurtech is advancing, and the significance of an effective policy management system cannot be underrated. Policy management professionals understand the payoff it offers to an organization. On the other hand, a policy management system that just isn’t a good fit can prove to be a lot more expensive than previously budgeted. So what is it actually costing you? Is your policy management software updated, or are you still using an old version? Do you know how much it is hampering your financial productivity? Even then, often, an outdated system may not be affecting your process significantly but damaging it in other intangible ways that are just as crucial to business success. Analyze your current system for the following: Financial Implications of the Current System Manual processes for policy creation and management make up the costliest part of running a policy management system. Paper-based solutions incur high costs that can be easily avoided by using digital systems that use automation extensively. With thousands of policies and compliance procedures for your team to manage, costs can add up quickly, especially with printing and distribution costs. In addition to these expenses, manual processes are also responsible for policies being misplaced or lost. It may also result in a large fine for noncompliance if some policies are accessible to unauthorized employees. Indirect Expenses Organized policy management procedures are critical for high operational efficiencies. Policy management systems that require manual supervision can prove to be expensive over the long run as they require employees to monitor them constantly. However, automated policy management systems enable policy teams to optimize their resources better and direct team members to speed up other more crucial processes. Furthermore, modern policy management systems don’t need constant monitoring and require only a one time set-up. This enables teams to allocate resources where they are urgently needed. Wasted Resources If you have an outdated policy management system, chances are it takes a lot more micro-managing than it needs to. Businesses must be able to optimize their resources better but with old and outdated systems, it ends up cutting into the productivity and performance on an everyday basis. In addition, it puts undue stress on employees to keep up with compliance norms and changing regulations and policies. Policy management often requires various employees to pitch in with their inputs, and using an old system that doesn’t offer the option to collaborate can take away a huge chunk of productivity daily. What’s the Bottom Line? Automated policy management systems can undoubtedly save you a lot of time and resources. If you’re facing sky-high costs just to maintain your policy management system, it might be time for a rethink. From automating the lifecycle of policies and procedures to streamlining the management of policies by your agents, consolidating a policy management process with software is one of the best insurtech trends to look out for in 2023. It is probably what your organization needs to move the needle.

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Spotlight

Tokio Marine Kiln

Tokio Marine Kiln is a forward-thinking international underwriting business which operates in the Lloyd’s and Company markets. As part of one of the world’s largest insurance groups, Tokio Marine, we empower our people around the world to protect customers against complex and ever-changing risks. We have four underwriting teams focused on: Property & Casualty; Marine, Aviation & Special Risks; Accident & Health; and Reinsurance, which are complemented by a first class Claims team and an expert Risk Engineering service.

Related News

Valued Policy Law and Total Loss

inredisputesblog | May 21, 2019

Typically, a fire insurance policy pays a policyholder for the actual cash value or the replacement value of the property destroyed. But in 20 states, if there is a total loss, the amount the insurer must pay is equal to the value of the property at the time the insurance policy was issued. What happens if the policy covers a multi-building complex and one of the buildings is destroyed? The Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals recently addressed this issue. In Norwood-Redfield Apartments Limited Partnership v. American Family Mutual Ins. Co., No. 18-2618 (8th Cir. May 16, 2019)(Unpublished), the appeals court affirmed a judgment in favour of the insurance company denying the policyholder’s claim to recover the full value listed on the policy of an entire complex of buildings when only one of the buildings was destroyed. The policyholder sued its insurance carrier after a fire destroyed one of the buildings out of 32 in the complex. The insurance carrier paid nearly $3 million for the loss, but the policyholder wanted the policy limits of over $31 million.

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Valued Policy Law and Total Loss

inredisputesblog | May 21, 2019

Typically, a fire insurance policy pays a policyholder for the actual cash value or the replacement value of the property destroyed. But in 20 states, if there is a total loss, the amount the insurer must pay is equal to the value of the property at the time the insurance policy was issued. What happens if the policy covers a multi-building complex and one of the buildings is destroyed? The Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals recently addressed this issue. In Norwood-Redfield Apartments Limited Partnership v. American Family Mutual Ins. Co., No. 18-2618 (8th Cir. May 16, 2019)(Unpublished), the appeals court affirmed a judgment in favour of the insurance company denying the policyholder’s claim to recover the full value listed on the policy of an entire complex of buildings when only one of the buildings was destroyed. The policyholder sued its insurance carrier after a fire destroyed one of the buildings out of 32 in the complex. The insurance carrier paid nearly $3 million for the loss, but the policyholder wanted the policy limits of over $31 million.

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